Warsaw Pact Agreement


The Warsaw Pact was established as a balance of power[14] or a counterweight to NATO. There was no direct military confrontation between them; Instead, the conflict took place on an ideological basis and through proxy wars. Both NATO and the Warsaw Pact have led to the expansion of the armed forces and their integration into the respective blocs. [15] His greatest military involvement was the invasion of the Warsaw Pact in Czechoslovakia in August 1968 (with the participation of all the nations of the pact, with the exception of Albania and Romania) [14], which partly led Albania to exit the pact less than a month later. The pact began to dissolve as a whole with the spread of the 1989 revolutions across the Eastern Bloc, starting with the Solidarity movement in Poland[16] and its electoral success in June 1989. The treaty, signed in 1955, was supplemented by numerous bilateral agreements between the Soviet Union and satellite countries. In particular, these treaties gave Soviet troops the right to be on the soil of the signatory countries. Some countries, such as Poland, authorized the deployment of Soviet troops on their soil under the 1945 Potsdam Agreement and through a separate bilateral agreement. Hungary has also entered into a bilateral agreement with the Soviet Union. Soviet troops prevented Hungary`s attempt to separate from the organization in 1956 and broke liberal movements in Czechoslovakia, which emerged in the so-called “Prague Spring”. Czechoslovakia did not sign its bilateral treaty with the Soviet Union until after the Soviet invasion and was essentially forced to accept the “Brezhnev Doctrine”, which restricted the sovereignty of communist states and granted the right to Soviet intervention.

Warsaw Pact signatories have agreed to refrain from violence or the threat of violence in international relations. The Treaty set out the objectives of members who included world peace and security and global disarmament. Countries also had to hate each other in international affairs and agreed that in the event of external aggression against a member, all Member States would jointly defend the threatened country. But the Soviet Union also wanted to use the Warsaw Pact as a negotiating tool with non-communist European countries. This is reflected in the final article of the pact, which stipulates that the agreement would expire in the event of an East-West security pact. The Warsaw Pact was concluded in response to the remilitarization and integration of West Germany into NATO on 9 May 1955. Before the Warsaw Pact was formed, there were bilateral mutual aid agreements between the Soviet Union and its allies, while the unity of the bloc depended primarily on Stalin`s personal power and informal control instruments.

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