What Is The Gleneagles Agreement


In 1977, Muldoon joined the Gleneagles Agreement, a pact between Commonwealth leaders, to prevent sports contact with South Africa, which at the time had an apartheid policy – a separate development for its black and white citizens. In 1981, however, he refused to prevent a highly controversial tour of New Zealand for the Springbok rugby team in South Africa. This cartoon by Peter Bromhead deplores the resulting damage to New Zealand`s international reputation. In the 1977 Gleneagles Agreement, Commonwealth Presidents and Prime Ministers, as part of their support for the international campaign against apartheid, agreed to end contact and competition between their athletes and sports organizations, teams or individuals in South Africa. The agreement was unanimously approved by the Commonwealth of Nations meeting in Gleneagles, Perthshire, Scotland. [1] [2] The agreement limited South Africa`s ability to compete in international competitions involving sports such as rugby and cricket, which tended to dominate Commonwealth countries, which contributed to increased international pressure on the regime. “The agreement was a victory for all Commonwealth countries, as they had all agreed to do their best… Breaking the apartheid system in sport,” said British Prime Minister James Callaghan, adding that each country would strive to “maintain and strengthen” the consensus negotiated at the summit. The Gleneagles Agreement reaffirmed its commitment to combating racism, as contained in the Singapore Declaration on Commonwealth Principles (1971). This commitment was reinforced by the declaration on racism and racist prejudice adopted by Commonwealth heads of state and government in Lusaka in 1979. The Commonwealth has been a relevant body to ban sport in South Africa, as some of the most popular sports among white South Africans are dominated by Commonwealth member states, such as cricket and the Rugby Union. [1] [2] .

. They reaffirmed their full support for the international campaign against apartheid and welcomed the efforts of the United Nations to achieve generally accepted approaches to the issue of sports contacts as part of the campaign. After the end of apartheid and the country`s first truly democratic election, when Nelson Mandela was elected president, South Africa returned to the Commonwealth in 1994. They were aware that sport is an important way to develop and promote understanding between people and, in particular, among young people from all countries. But they were also aware that, beyond other factors, sports contacts between their nationals and nationals of apartheid countries in sport tend to promote the (albeit unjustified) belief that they are willing to tolerate this abominable policy or that they are not fully committed to the principles enshrined in their Singapore Declaration.

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